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Country Names
Using Local Names

 

 

     
Words › Phrases

Countries

Exonym means a name given to a place by foreigners /nonlocal (most often anglosaxian)

The name used by the people living in a country or locals is called endonym

Here's a list these names of many contries and their capital:

(Links to Wikipedia)

 

Country
Name in English
(exonym)
Country
Name by locals
(endonym)
Capital
Name in English
 (exonym)
Capital
Name by locals
 (endonym)
Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Abkhazia Apsny Sukhum Aqwa Abhazian
Аҧсны Аҟəа (Abkhaz Cyrillic script)
Abkhaziya Sukhum Russian
Абхазия Сухум Cyrillic script
Afghanistan Afghanestan Kabul Kabul Dari-Persian, Pashtu
افغانستان كابل (Perso-Arabic script)
Albania Shqipëria Tirana Tiranë Albanian
Algeria Al-Jazā'ir Algiers Al-Jazā'ir Arabic
American Samoa Amerika Sāmoa Pago Pago Pago Pago Samoan
Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires Ciudad de Buenos Aires Spanish
Armenia Hayastán Yerevan Yerevan Armenian
Հայաստան Երեվան (Armenian alphabet)
Austria Österreich Vienna Wien German
Azerbaijan Azərbaycan Baku Bakı Azeri
(Latin alphabet)
Bahrain Al-Baḥrayn Manama Al-Manāmah Arabic
Bangladesh Bangladesh Dhaka Ḍhaka Bengali
বাংলাদেশ ঢাকা (Bengali script)
Belarus Belarus’ Minsk Minsk (Mensk) Belarusian (archaic form)
Беларусь Мінск (Менск) (Cyrillic alphabet)
Biełaruś Miensk (Latin Belarusian Alphabet)
Belorussiya or Belorussiâ Minsk Russian
Белоруссия Минск (Cyrillic alphabet)
Belgium België Brussels Brussel Dutch
Belgique Bruxelles French
Belgien Brüssel German
Bhutan Druk Yul Thimphu Thimphu Dzongkha
  Buliwya   Chuqiyapu Quechua
Wuliwya Chuqiyapu Aymara
Volívia La Paz Guaraní
Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosna i Hercegovina Sarajevo Sarajevo Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
Босна и Херцеговина Сарајево (Cyrillic alphabet)
Brazil Brasil Brasília Brasília Portuguese
Bulgaria Bulgariya or Bălgarija Sofia Sofiya Bulgarian
България София (Cyrillic alphabet)
Burma Myanmar Naypyidaw Naypyidaw  
Cambodia Kampuchea Phnom Penh Phnom Penh Khmer
Cameroon Cameroun Yaoundé Yaoundé French
Cape Verde Cabo Verde Praia Praia Portuguese
Central African Republic République Centrafricaine Bangui Bangui French
Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka Bangî Sango
Chad Tchad N'Djamena Ndjamena French
Chile   Santiago   Spanish
China (PRC) Zhōngguó (Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) Beijing Běijīng Mandarin Chinese
中国 (中华人民共和国) 北京 (Simplified Chinese characters)
China (ROC) or Taiwan Zhōnghuá Mínguó or Táiwan Taipei Táiběi Chinese
  中華民國 or 臺灣/台灣 臺北/台北 (Traditional Chinese characters)
Comoros Komori Moroni Moroni Shikomor
Juzur al-Qamar Moroni Arabic
Comores Moroni French
Congo Congo or Congo-Brazza Brazzaville Brazzaville French
Croatia Hrvatska Zagreb Zagreb Croatian
Cyprus Kypros Nicosia Lefkosia Greek
Κύπρος Λευκωσία (Greek alphabet)
Kıbrıs Lefkoşa Turkish
Czech Republic Česká republika Prague Praha Czech
Česko  
Denmark Danmark Copenhagen København Danish
Djibouti Jībūtī Djibouti Jībūtī Arabic
Djibouti Djibouti French
Dominican Republic República Dominicana Santo Domingo Santo Domingo Spanish
East Timor Timor Lorosa'e Díli Díli Tetum
Timor-Leste Díli Portuguese
Ecuador   Quito   Spanish
Egypt Misr or Masr Cairo Al-Qāhirah Arabic
Equatorial Guinea Guinea Ecuatorial Malabo Malabo Spanish
Eritrea Iritriya Asmara Asmaraa Arabic
Erta Asmära Tigrinya
Estonia Eesti Tallinn Tallinn Estonian
Ethiopia Ityop'ia Addis Ababa Addis Abäba Amharic
Faroe Islands Føroyar Tórshavn Tórshavn Faroese
Færøerne Thorshavn Danish
Finland Suomi Helsinki Helsinki Finnish
Finland Helsingfors Swedish
Georgia Sak'art'velo Tbilisi Tbilisi Georgian
საქართველო თბილისი (Georgian alphabet)
Germany Deutschland Berlin Berlin German
Greece Hellas Athens Athinai Greek
Ελλάς Αθήναι (Greek alphabet)
or or  
Ellada Athina  
Ελλάδα Αθήνα  
Greenland Kalaallit Nunaat Nuuk Nuuk Greenlandic
Grønland Godthåb Danish
Guinea Guinée Conakry Conakry French
Gine Kɔnakiri Maninka, Susu
Gine Konakiri Pular
Haiti Haïti Port-au-Prince Port-au-Prince French
Ayiti Pòtoprens Haitian Creole
Hungary Magyarország Budapest Budapest Hungarian
Iceland Ísland Reykjavík Reykjavík Icelandic
India, Republic of Bharôt New Delhi Nôya Dilli Assamese
ভাৰত নয়া দিল্লী (Assamese script)
Bharot Nôea Dilli Bengali
Bhāratam Nava Dehalī Sanskrit
भारतम् दिल्ली Devanagari script
Bhāratu, Hindustānu Naīñ Dihlī Sindhi
ڀارت، هندستان نئين دهلي (Perso-Arabic script)
Indiyā, Bārata Puduḍilli Tamil
இந்தியா, பாரத புதுடில்லி (Tamil script)
Bhāratadēsham Kothaḍhillī Telugu
భారత దేశం కొత్త ఢిల్లీ (Telugu script)
Iran Īrān Tehran Tehrān Persian
ایران تهران (Perso-Arabic script)
Iraq Al-'Iraq Baghdad Baghdad Arabic and Kurdish
Ireland Éire Dublin Baile Átha Cliath Irish
Italy Italia Rome Roma Italian
Japan Nippon or Nihon Tokyo Tōkyō Japanese
日本 東京 (Kanji/Hiragana/Katakana)
Kazakhstan Qazaqstan Astana Astana Kazakh
Қазақстан Астана (Cyrillic alphabet)
Kazakhstán Astana Russian
Казахстан Астана (Cyrillic alphabet)
Korea (South) Hanguk as called in SK Seoul Seoul Korean
한국 / 韓國 서울 (Hangul/Hanja)
Nam-josŏn as called in NK    
남조선 / 南朝鮮    
Korea (North) Chosŏn as called in NK P'yŏngyang P'yŏngyang Korean
조선 / 朝鮮 평양 / 平壌 (Hangul/Hanja)
Buk-han as called in SK    
북한 / 北韓    
Kosovo Kosova, Косово Prishtinë Prishtinë, Приштина (Priština) Albanian, Serbian
(Roman, Cyrillic)
Kuwait Al-Kuwayt Kuwait City Al-Kuwayt Arabic
  Кыргызстан   Бишкек (Cyrillic alphabet)
Kirgizija Bishkek Russian
Киргизия Бишкек (Cyrillic alphabet)
Laos Lao Vientiane Vientiane or Vieng Chan Lao
ລາວ ວຽງຈັນ Lao alphabet
Latvia Latvija Riga Rīga Latvian
Lebanon Lubnān Beirut Bayrūt Arabic
Libya Lībiyā Tripoli Tarabulus Arabic
Lithuania Lietuva Vilnius Vilnius Lithuanian
Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg Luxembourgish
Luxemburg Luxemburg German
Luxembourg Luxembourg French
Macedonia Makedonija Skopje Skopje Macedonian
Македонија Скопје (Cyrillic alphabet)
Madagascar Madagasikara Antananarivo Antananarivo Malagasy
Madagascar Antananarivo/Tananarive French
Maldives Dhivehi Raajje Malé Malé Dhivehi
ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ މާލެ (Thaana script)
Mauritania Mauritanie Nouakchott Nouakchott French
Mūrītāniyā Nouakchott Arabic
Mauritius Maurice Port Louis Port Louis English
French
Mongolia Mongol Uls Ulaanbaatar Ulaanbaatar Mongolian
Монгол Улс Улаанбаатар (Cyrillic alphabet)
Montenegro Crna Gora Podgorica Podgorica Serbian
Црна Гора Подгорица  
Morocco Al-Maghrib Rabat Rabat Arabic
Myanmar Myanma Naypyidaw    
Naypyidaw   Burmese
Nauru Naoero Yaren (de facto)   English
Nauruo Nauruan
Norway Norge Oslo Oslo Norwegian Bokmål
Noreg Oslo Norwegian Nynorsk
Oman ‘Umān Muscat Masqaṭ Arabic
Pakistan Pākistān Islamabad Islāmabād Urdu
پاکستان اسلام‌اباد (Perso-Arabic script)
Palau Belau Ngerulmud Ngerulmud English, Palauan
Philippines Pilipinas Manila Maynila Filipino / Tagalog
Philippines Manila English
Filipinas Manila Spanish
Poland Polska Warsaw Warszawa Polish
Puerto Rico   San Juan   Spanish
Qatar Qaṭar Doha Ad-Dawḥah Arabic
Romania România Bucharest Bucureşti Romanian
Russia Rossiya or Rossiâ Moscow Moskva Russian
Россия1 Москва (Cyrillic alphabet)
Saudi Arabia Al-Mamlaka Al-‘Arabiyyah as Sa‘ūdiyyah Riyadh Ar-Riyāḍ Arabic
Serbia Srbija Belgrade Beograd Serbian
Србија Београд (Cyrillic alphabet)
Seychelles Sesel Victoria Victoria or Port Victoria Seychellois Creole
Seychelles French
Seychelles English
Singapore Singapura     Malay
Singapore English
Xīnjiāpō Mandarin Chinese
新加坡 (Simplified Chinese characters)
Singapur Tamil
சிங்கப்பூர் (Tamil script)
Slovakia Slovensko Bratislava Bratislava Slovak
Slovenia Slovenija Ljubljana Ljubljana Slovene
Somalia Soomaaliya Mogadishu Muqdisho Somali
aş-Şūmāl Maqadīshū Arabic
South Africa Suid-Afrika   Pretoria, Kaapstad Afrikaans
iNingizimu Afrika iPitoli Zulu
uMzantsi Afrika iPitoli Xhosa
Afrika-Borwa Tshwane Pedi
Afrika Borwa Tshwane Sotho
Aforika Borwa Tshwane Tswana
Afurika Tshipembe Tswane Venda
Afrika Dzonga Pitori Tsonga
iNingizimu Afrika iPitoli Swazi
iSewula Afrika iPitori Ndebele
South Ossetia Khussar Iryston Tskhinval Chreba Ossetic
Хуссар Ирыстон Чъреба Georgian
Samkhret Oseti Tskhinvali Russian
სამხრეთი ოსეთი ცხინვალი  
Южная Осетия Tskhinval  
Yuzhnaya Osetiya Цхинвал  
Spain España Madrid Madrid Spanish/Galician
Espanya Madrid Catalan
Espainia Madril Basque
Espanha Madrid Aranese
Sri Lanka Sri Lankā Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Sri Sinhala
ஸ்ரீ லங்க Jayawadenapura Kotte  
Sudan As-Sudan Khartoum Al-Khartûm Arabic
Sweden Sverige Stockholm Stockholm Swedish
Switzerland Schweiz Bern Bern German
Suisse Berne French
Svizzera Berna Italian
Svizra Berna Romansh
Syria Suriyah Damascus Dimashq / Ash-Sham Arabic
Tajikistan Tojikistan Dushanbe Dushanbe Tajiki-Persian
Тоҷикистон Душанбе (Cyrilic)
Thailand Mueang Thai, Prathet Thai, Ratcha-anachak Thai Bangkok Krung Thep Maha Nakhon Thai
Tunisia Tunis Tunis Tunis Arabic
Turkey Türkiye Ankara Ankara Turkish
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Nicosia Lefkoşa Turkish
Ukraine Ukraїna Kiev Kyїv Ukrainian
Україна Київ (Cyrillic alphabet)
Uzbekistan O'zbekiston Tashkent Toshkent Uzbek
Vatican City Civitas Vaticana     Latin
Vietnam Việt Nam Hanoi Hà Nội Vietnamese
Yemen Al-Yaman Sana'a Ṣan‘ā’ Arabic

 

 

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